Breast Self-Examination

Women over the age of 40 are at highest risk of developing breast cancer with an incidence of 1 in 42 women at age 40 years old and an increasing incidence rate each decade thereafter.  It is known that early detection reduces the need for extensive treatment and the likelihood of death. In addition, Johns Hopkins says that 40 percent of all breast cancer is identified by women discovering a lump or other abnormality in the breast. Thus, it is important for women over age 40 to have ongoing evaluation of breast health and one of the best methods is a monthly breast self-examination.  The following narrative and You Tube Presentations should assist you in carrying out this process. It may be easier to set a specific time each month to carry out the breast self-exam such as after the menstrual cycle.

1.While in the shower with fingers flat move the hand gently over all parts of the breast evaluating for any lumps, hard knots, or thickening. Repeat on the other breast. Also check for any changes in areas identified by your doctor.

2. Standing in front of the mirror with your arms at your side inspect your breasts. Then, raise your arms high overhead and evaluate any changes in contours of each as well as dimpling of the skin, swelling or changes in the nipple.

3. Examine the breasts lying down. Start by lying on your right side with a pillow under your right shoulder, right arm and head. Using the pads of your left hand fingers move around the breast in circular motions covering the breast and arm pit. Repeat on the left side.

Instructional Videos for Breast Self Exams 

How to Properly Perform a Breast Self-Examination with Dr Lisa Cassileth   3 min 13 sec

How to Perform a Breast Self-Exam   2 min 43 sec

Things to Look for in Breast Examinations

Testicular Self Examination

Statistics show that about 99 percent of males with testicular cancer survive when diagnosed and treated early so a monthly self-examination is important. 1st– Carry out the procedure following a warm shower or tub bath when the testicles are fully descended. Don’t be alarmed if one testicle is larger than the other or hangs lower as this is normal. Check for any swelling of the skin. Next, using both hands with your index and middle fingers placed under the testicle and your thumb on top. Firmly but gently roll the testicle between your fingers and thumb to feel any irregularities on the surface or texture of the testicle. Repeat on the other testicle. Find the epididymis, a soft rope like structure on the back of the testicle to ensure not mistaking this with a lump. If you find any irregularities, contact your primary doctor for follow up.

Testicular Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms may reinforce the need for medical attention. The American Cancer Society identifies the following symptoms of testicular cancer—the most common is a painless lump on or in a testicle. Others include larger or swollen testicles, a heavy or aching feeling in the lower abdomen or scrotum, less often enlarged or sore breasts or early signs of puberty (deepening voice, facial or body hair growth)  in young boys. Additional symptoms may be noted if the cancer had metastasized including low back pain (lymph nodes in back of belly), shortness of breath, cough or chest pain (lungs), belly pain (lymph nodes or liver), or headache and/or confusion (brain).


Instructional Videos  for Testicular Self Examinations

Testicular Self-Exam Guide

How to Perform a Testicular Self-Exam

Testicular Self-Exam

Skin Self Examination (Melanoma Prevention)

Like other cancers early detection and treatment are key to survival so do a head to toe skin evaluation monthly. This process may require the following: a bright light, full length mirror, a hand mirror, a blow dryer, two chairs or stools, a body map, and pencil. Using one or both mirrors examine the face with special attention to the nose, mouth, lips, and front and back of ears.  Next, thoroughly examine your scalp using a blow dryer and mirror to adequately see each area. If convenient ask a friend or family member to assist. Check your hands including your palms and backs, between the fingers and under the fingernails. Next examine your wrists and front and back of forearm. In front of the full length mirror examine your elbows and all sides of your upper arms including the underarms. Next evaluate your neck, chest and torso including under the breasts for women. Then with your back to the full length mirror and the hand mirror in your hand examine the back of your neck, shoulders, upper part of back and any parts of the arms and shoulders you could not see in earlier parts of the examination.  In this position with both mirrors continue to examine the lower back, buttocks, and back of both legs.  Last, sit on one chair or stool and prop each leg separately on the other chair or stool. In this position examine the genitals, front and sides of both legs, ankles, top of both feet, between toes, under toenails, soles of feet, and heels. 

Skin Self Examination Videos

Skin Self-Exam: How to Do

How to do a Skin Self Examination

What Are You Looking For? Pictures of Melanoma


Oral Self-Examination

An oral examination involves assessing the tongue and floor of the mouth, roof of the mouth, cheeks, head and neck, and lips. The most common areas for cancer are the floor of the mouth and sides of the tongue. Examine the oral cavity monthly because the earlier a tumor is found and the smaller it is the more successful treatment will be. Research has shown that tumors 2 centimeters or under are easily cured whereas those larger require more time and treatment.

Start by looking in a mirror and sticking out your tongue. Examine the upper surface of the tongue for lumps or changes in color. Pull the tongue forward and examine the sides for lumps, masses of color changes. Examine the underside of the tongue by placing the tip of the tongue on the roof of the mouth and look for lumps, masses swelling or color changes. Also run your fingers under your tongue to feel for lumps. 

To examine the roof of your mouth tilt your head back while looking into a mirror and look for discoloration. Then run your fingers over the roof of your mouth looking for lumps or protrusions,

To evaluate your cheeks visually inspect the inside area for red, white or dark colored patches using a hand mirror. . Extend the cheeks if necessary to accomplish this inspection.  Next, place your forefinger on the interior of the cheek and your thumb on the outside cheek. Gently squeeze as you rotate your fingers across each cheek feeling for lumps, and swelling. 


Videos for Oral Self Exams

Oral Cancer Prevention

Oral Cancer Self-Examination


Dream Analysis


Dreams have been studied for centuries and are discussed in the bible. For example, in Genesis 41 the Pharaoh summonsed Joseph to interpret his dream about cows and corn and using the analysis of the dream allowed the Pharaoh to plan for seven years of famine and save the Egyptian people from starvation. In the early part of the 20th century Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud taught the value of dreams and later in the century Edgar Cayce gave hundreds of readings in which he discussed dreams and demonstrated their predictive value and value in solving problems. For example, one man who Cayce read for had been plagued with food allergies for many years, but was unable to find the source of his discomfort. Then one night he dreamed of a can of coffee. Thereafter, he quit drinking coffee and his symptoms disappeared. In my own experience, I had a dream that told me to go for a chest x-ray which I did because from years of watching my dreams I received much guidance that I believed to be God speaking with me. The X-ray showed a spot that had not been there previously and a follow up biopsy showed lung cancer. Because lung cancer usually does not have pain until it metastases to another site, my dream allowed me to be diagnosed earlier when it was easier to treat. In addition, there were no other symptoms that would have alerted me to have an x-ray.

Many people say they do not dream. However, research shows that everyone has about 90 minutes nightly in the REM dream state. The problem is not that you do not dream but that you do not remember your dreams. However, there are things you can do to facilitate remembering dreams.

Remembering Dreams

Prepare for dreaming before going to bed by giving yourself suggestions that you will remember your dreams. Also place a small flashlight, pen and paper on your bedside table. When you wake up during the night, jot down a few key words on the paper before getting out of bed or touching your feet to the floor. Reviewing those words in the morning will bring the dreams back to memory and you can write them down.

Remembering Your Dreams on You Tube 

Analyzing Dreams

The next part of the process is analyzing your dreams. There are several ways you can improve your interpretation of dreams.

1. There are universal symbols that have been identified in books that can help get you started. For example, dreaming about a hospital might be a warning dream about an impending health problem (physical, mental, spiritual) for you or a loved one. However, as a nurse it might relate to work for me. Thus, usually you need to individualize the universal symbols to your situation.  You can learn more about universal symbols by reading any one of the good books that have been written or google the word such as “dream meaning of a hospital”. One of my favorite dream books on universal symbols is the Universal Dream Key by Dr Patricia Garfield that discusses common symbols in dreams such as being chased, appearing nude in public, or not knowing answers on a test. Dr Garfield is an internationally known dream expert who has kept a dream log since she was a child and has written many books on dreams. Check out Dr Garfield and her list dream books on Wikipedia. 

2. A second way to learn about dreams and analyze your dreams is to join a group that devotes some time to dream analysis. For example, Edgar Cayce worked with a group who were interested in becoming better people by developing spiritually and over time two books evolved titled A Search For God. Using these books as a focus, study groups have evolved all over the world that meet weekly in member’s homes to read from the books, discuss concepts and the application of these concepts in the daily life of members and their successes and failures. The also meditate together at the weekly group meeting and at home at a predetermined time selected by the group. Some of these groups also discuss dreams of the members and help each other with analysis. See the list below.

3.  A third way to receive help with dream interpretation is to pay to have a dream interpreted. Three dream experts who I have interviewed and who analyze dreams for a fee are identified below.

Dream Symbol Videos from You Tube

A short video on common dream symbols in the following link: 

The top 60 dreams and meanings in the following link:

Dream Sharing Internet Site

A Yahoo Group for In Depth Discussion of Dreams that is in its 7th Year. They discuss and analyze member’s dreams and work on a different dream each week. Weekly meetings and over 6,000 members. Sign up on the website.

Other Sites Identified by a Google Search have Ended. But check Google periodically for new ones that may start. 

Dreams Analyzed For a Fee

There are many who analyze dreams identified by a Google search but I cannot vouch for their authenticity. The following are well respected nation/international dream leaders I have interviewed (see interviews below) and who offer dream analysis as part of their services.

Cynthia Richmond    –Interview on this website under dreams—Cynthia Richmond

Cynthia Richmond is a board certified behavioural scientist who has over 20 years interpreting over 55,000 dreams, has written two major books on dreams, appeared on many of the major television and radio show such as Dr Oz, Oprah, the Doctors, the Today Show and many others, written in the Huffington Post, Ladies Home Journal, Cosmopolitan and others, She has also appeared in major newspapers such as the Los Angeles Times and the Arizona Republic,

Dr Michael Lennox —Interview on this website-under dreams—Dr Michael Lennox 

Dr Michael Lennox has over 20 years-experience interpreting dreams for thousands of people. He has a doctorate in psychology and can be heard on various radio shows nationally, seen on many television shows and in print media on a regular basis.  He travels frequently to lecture and lead workshops, and currently lives and conducts a private practice in Los Angeles.

Kelly Walden Sullivan     —-Interview on this website under dreams—Kelly Walden Sullivan

Kelly Walden Sullivan is a best-selling author, dream expert and clinical hypnotherapist who has written 9 books on dreams including a best seller. She has reached thousands of people during interviews on programs such as Dr Oz, Ricki Lake, Fox News, and Coast to Coast. She started her dream work at age 5 when she shared a room with her sister and they shared dreams. She has since served as an advisor and consultant to Fortune 500 executives, U.N ambassadors, celebrities, stay at home moms, and inner city kids.

Interviews with Experts on Dreams and Analysis

The above link will take you to Mental/Spiritual Interviews on this website. If you then search for the category Dreams you will find Seven Interviews on Dream that should broaden your knowledge base. 


Non-Invasive Tests

Navarro – Cancer Book by Luther

Invasive Tests

Chemo Sensitivity